Identify Your Novel’s Genre

Writers often ask me, “How do I figure out what genre my book is?” While the answer is straightforward for some people, it can be a tricky question for others. It becomes even more complicated if you’re also resisting the idea that you have to put a classification or label on your novel at all. So let’s start there.

You need to be able to tell someone what genre your novel is for a variety of reasons that all relate to the fact that you’re trying to make your art into a business. When talking to an agent or publisher about your novel, practically the first thing out of your mouth should be the genre. It sets the stage, sets up an expectation, and gets your listener in the right frame of mind to understand your story. Just like on Netflix or Hulu, where you can choose to search movies by category (thriller, action, romance, comedy, family), the genre is usually the first thing someone wants to know about your book.

So you really must be able to classify your book in a genre — you’re not getting away from it. Some genres are broad, such as “literary fiction” or “commercial fiction.” Others are more specific, like paranormal romance or western.

But what if your book is hard to classify because it has elements of several genres?

Here is my secret for figuring out what genre to call your novel: Find ten books whose readers will probably also like your book. When you’re thinking about the audience for your book, you should be thinking, “My readers are people who love books such as _____, _____, and _____.” What are those books? Now, what genre are those books?

That’s most likely your genre. The reason is, genres exist for the purpose of helping readers find the books they like. So if you’re having trouble identifying your genre, start with your intended audience and work backwards.

When identifying your genre, remember they aren’t cut and dried. People won’t always agree about which genre a certain book falls into. Just do the best you can to capture your book with a helpful genre description.

It’s okay to use two or sometimes even three words for your genre. Historical romance. Paranormal thriller. Medical romantic suspense. Sometimes people embellish a little: women’s fiction with romantic elements. That’s all fine, as long as you keep it simple.

If an age group is part of your genre, add another descriptor. YA paranormal. YA  romance. General YA. Middle grade adventure. Middle grade fantasy.

Here are some examples of fiction genres: fantasy, science fiction, paranormal, mystery, thriller, suspense, literary, historical, women’s, Christian, inspirational, horror, romance, western, crime-detective, action-adventure, commercial, or general.

Here is a post on AgentQuery that defines some genres.

Here is a Wikipedia page that has a bit more on genres.

What genre are you writing? Are you having any trouble identifying your genre?


If you should decide to invest in some personalized counsel, I offer coaching for unpublished authors here: My Coaching Services


Rachelle Gardner

Literary agent at Gardner Literary. Coffee & wine enthusiast (not at the same time) and dark chocolate connoisseur. I've worked in publishing since 1995 and I love talking about books!


  1. Kensie Lynn on March 10, 2015 at 2:08 PM

    I am struggling with a Genre for my novel. It is supposed to be geared towards teen or fantasy teen. But I have been told that it is too RISQUE for teens. How do I find out if what to classify it? Can it be teen and risque at the same time or young adult but yet geared towards a teen age.

  2. Jane Meep on June 7, 2014 at 10:54 PM

    I seem to be drawn to writing what I think of as “inductive mysteries,” where all the elements of a crime come into being until the crime itself is seemingly inevitable. (They’re horrible to write, if you like the characters. It’s hard to type while hollering, “No! Don’t do it!” at the keyboard.) The best example I can think of of this sort of thing is Ruth Rendell’s *A Judgment in Stone.* The trouble is that book’s been called “suspense,” and “mystery” and “crime fiction” and “psychological thriller.” Similar classification problem for something like *We Have Always Lived in the Castle* (Shirley Jackson), which is called all of the above, and also “psychological horror.” Any suggestions on what would be the best name for this subgenre?

  3. […] How to Pick the Right Genre for your Novel (and why your sales depend on it) on WriteToDone & Identify Your Novel's Genre by Rachelle […]

  4. Unknown on August 24, 2013 at 11:46 PM

    My child has a report to do and her book report is gonna be on Maya Gold cinderella cleaners #1 and we cant figure out what genre it is can any one help ASAP!!!!!!!!

  5. […] Identify Your Novel’s Genre […]

  6. Buts99 on May 25, 2013 at 12:07 AM

    If I am doing a report on a book for school, how do I work out the genre?? Please reply ASAP!!

  7. Nathan Guru on May 18, 2013 at 9:50 AM

    What about a novel with different time travel and different genre for each of it?

    • Oya on January 7, 2014 at 7:11 PM

      I know this question is a bit old but time-travel is typically sci-fi. But if it is all in one book then there has to be one deciding element that connects all of the story-lines/different time pieces. If it is something like Cloud Atlas then it is drama and sci-fi.

  8. Rebecca Monaco on February 20, 2013 at 3:35 PM

    Thank you very much for this post. I was always confused about how to list my genre – mostly because I didn’t understand some of the terms, but your links and walk-through have been very helpful. Thank you.

  9. Peter Frahm on February 20, 2013 at 9:58 AM

    Excellent post with great information. I will incorporate your advice in my query letters. The external links were helpful as well. Thanks!

  10. Grokdad on February 19, 2013 at 3:37 PM

    My first book is an INTENTIONALLY cross-genre anthology, scifi, fantasy, paranormal mystery, crime thriller, humor, mythological, etc. I realize that makes me less likely to be stereotypically indentifiable, but also resists pigeonholing.
    I write what I want to read, and I’m eclectic in my taste.
    This article has some good basic advice but I know my situation is somewhat different than most.

  11. What Genre Is My Novel? « Stacey J. Mitchell on February 19, 2013 at 1:40 PM

    […] When you know that, you’re halfway there, as you can just go on to Amazon or a similar site and find out what genre that book fits into. Then — ta-da! — you know your own book’s genre. This article by Rachelle Gardner explains a little more about identifying your novel’s genre. […]

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  15. Sarah on November 18, 2012 at 9:36 PM

    I’m having trouble with it, because it does not cleanly fall into either post apocalyptic or dystopian. And then if I tried to put it in YA, the key factor of the adults being the main problem is heavily subverted.

  16. Richard on August 24, 2012 at 5:19 PM

    I think it’s important to distinguish between the business of marketing your fiction, and the creation. Yes, you need to know how to market it, but that doesn’t mean you should create for a genre market. If you do, you run the risk, as another commenter stated, of coming across as contrived.

    My personal feeling that if you are writing within a genre, you are writing with a straightjacket that isn’t tied. Shake it off, go where your mind wants to go. Leave it to bookstore clerks and librarians to figure out where to shelve you! (And honestly, don’t the best works confuse them on this point?) You can focus on marketing when the creation is done.

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  18. nuku on April 18, 2012 at 11:01 PM

    My WIP is labelled as sci-fi/fantasy, without the magic. I find that kind of fantasy as overdone and boring. Nobody can say it’s a romance, as the two MCs are only in the same town for the first 100 or so pages. It’s 7 books, but the longest page count is a little over 300. If this sounds boring to you, trust me, it’s not. I won’t tell you why, as that’d give away my plot. (^O^)
    (Sorry Mrs. Gardner if this curls your toes, I know you’re not much for the two genres.)

  19. James Wilson on April 16, 2012 at 10:56 PM

    I call most of my novels fantasy adventures, because they’re not exactly swords & sorcery, and not exactly historical fantasy, and definitely not epic fantasy. No world-saving at all. Well if you tie all the threads from several of them, it adds up to a whole-lotta-people-saving, but still not the world; the characters themselves have no idea of the significance of their deeds. They are adventure stories in a fantasy setting, hence fantasy adventures. There are two that are definitely epic fantasy, but the rest all all adventure stories, including one for children. Now if only I could get them all published!

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  23. Marc Jacobs on April 9, 2012 at 10:41 PM

    It’s really a good post. I have learnt a lot from it. I will recommend it to my firends. Hope they ill like it too.

  24. Sam on April 9, 2012 at 12:41 PM

    Thanks for the post! I’m struggling with exactly this question right now. I’m wondering mostly about commercial fiction. I think I might be writing commercial fiction, but it feels presumptuous to call my novice ms commercial because I associate that classification with best seller. Plus, it feels like a cop out because I would get to avoid the problem of picking mystery or women’s fiction. Am I overthinking this?

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  28. Lauren Miller on April 6, 2012 at 10:14 AM

    My WIP is a mash-up of a lot of different genres so I’m not sure HOW it would be classified by a bookshop, yet. It’s tentatively under the broad umbrella of “speculative fiction”. Hopefully as I finish the first-draft, the perfect ‘genre’ will come into focus.

  29. Crystal Laine Miller on April 5, 2012 at 10:20 PM

    This is so important and is why I’ve taken so long, working on my own fiction. After several manuscripts, stutters and starts, bad finishes, confusion, I have settled into contemporary romance. My last online class was so helpful in finding this place.

    It’s actually a relief to me. I didn’t think I fit there, but as I did exercises in my class, it became rather clear.

    I’m too uptight, I suppose. Sigh.

  30. Amy Armstrong on April 5, 2012 at 9:13 PM

    YA contemporary is my thing, but I have one oddball idea for a sci fi novel. Not sure I’d be able to rock that though.

  31. Peter DeHaan on April 5, 2012 at 6:37 PM

    I’ve heard of instances where a publisher’s marketing team misidentified a book’s genre and the sales were abysmal. That risk can be reduced when the author clearly communicates the genre.

  32. Andrew Budek-Schmeisser on April 5, 2012 at 4:52 PM

    It took me a long time (and four novels) to actually figure out the genre…I went through paranormal romance, christian ghost stories, and a bunch of others until I realized that it’s really just christian romantic fiction. I mean, each story’s based on one of the beatitudes, there is always a love interest, and what I thought ‘paranormal’ are just the kind of miraculous events that any Christian reader will recognize and accept.

  33. Jessica Loftus on April 5, 2012 at 4:51 PM

    I don’t really know what my novel’s genre would be. I think it may be fantasy but the story takes place in present time Earth and another dimension. Would that be considered fantasy or something else?

    If anyone has a clue please let me know but I have no idea at this point.


    • Amy Armstrong on April 5, 2012 at 9:15 PM

      How is the conflict in your story resolved? Do the characters rely on special abilities or technology? If they solve problems with futuristic technology, it’s science fiction. If they use special powers (e.g. Teleportation, magic, etc.) it’s fantasy.

  34. Becky Doughty on April 5, 2012 at 3:49 PM

    Yep. Been there. Made the mistake of querying to an agent who told me my book wasn’t a genre she represented. It took an explanation of genres (from you!) to see things a little clearer.

    Keep up the good work!

  35. Jessica Peter on April 5, 2012 at 3:17 PM

    My current novel is definitely romance (single title, not category) so I know where it will sit on a shelf. It’s a little trickier to get my sub-genre on there.

    In my query, I call it “post-apocalyptic romance with steampunk elements”.

    For official romance subgenres, it could be “futuristic romance” (except I wouldn’t want anyone to mistake it for sci-fi, because it isn’t), “steampunk romance” (except it isn’t traditional steampunk), or “paranormal romance” at a big stretch (except it doesn’t technically HAVE paranormal elements. . .). Hm.

  36. Karen A. Wyle on April 5, 2012 at 2:51 PM

    I’ve been describing the novel that’s now out to my beta readers as “a family drama with mystery elements, set in an afterlife of my own devising.” This afterlife is not specifically Judeo-Christian. I don’t know what genre The Lovely Bones is in, but I’m wondering if I’m in it.

  37. Siri Paulson on April 5, 2012 at 1:55 PM

    Linda Adams, urban fantasy and contemporary fantasy are close enough that you could probably use either one and be safe — it’ll get the idea across either way. And a lot of urban fantasy novels these days have a mystery/action component, so your thriller aspect should fit right in.

    Lori, that sounds like paranormal romance to me, especially if it’s set in the real world.

    I write all over the science fiction and fantasy spectrum, but I know I’ll have to specialize eventually. So far the likeliest subgenres for me are epic fantasy based on real places (what Guy Gavriel Kay writes) and steampunk. My main problem is that my novels tend to straddle the line between YA and adult.

  38. Lori on April 5, 2012 at 8:51 AM

    Is there such a thing as Romantic Fantasy? My book will appeal to those who like fantasy, think “beyond” humans with a strong romantic element. I have thoroughly mixed the two.

  39. Linda Adams on April 5, 2012 at 7:03 AM

    I’ve had trouble identifying my genre. It’s a cross genre. I started out calling it an urban fantasy/thriller, because it was set in an urban setting. It’s in a fictional country, and done in omniscient rather than first person. It also has magic, but doesn’t have vampires or werewolves, or anything paranormal. The story is a ticking time bomb of thriller.

    I was told by a critique group group that it was contemporary fantasy, not urban fantasy. Then I was later told by an urban fantasy writer that it was contemporary fantasy. Different critique group, and they’re telling me it’s an urban fantasy. I want to bang my head against the wall.

  40. […] Rachelle Gardner on Identify Your Novel’s Genre. […]

  41. Ruth Taylor on April 5, 2012 at 3:00 AM

    Would Romance/Thriller/Suspense work?

    I somehow feel that it won’t, so after reading the article on AgentQuery (SO helpful!), I’ve come to the conclusion that the Thriller/Suspense category is what fits my WIP.

    Or not.


  42. London Crockett on April 4, 2012 at 11:21 PM

    Thanks for the topical (for me) post, Rachelle. This has long been a difficulty for me. I’m kind of settling on YA literary fantasy, but The Book Thief or Swamplandia! seem like better comparisons than the YA fantasy I’ve read. I suppose the key is to read even more—not a horrible task 🙂

  43. Ted on April 4, 2012 at 10:43 PM

    I’m wasn’t sure what genre to put my story in. I know it’s Christian, but I wanted something more than just Christian fiction, so I read the new releases from ACFW to see what books mine was similar to, and the ones it seems closest to are Urban Fiction.

  44. B.M.McClure on April 4, 2012 at 6:24 PM

    Thanks so much for this, Rachelle! Classifying this novel I’ve been working on recently has been an issue since I first started with it. Unfortunately, it has only become more difficult as I fleshed out the idea and started writing.

    The best thing I can come up with genre-wise is Literary Christian Historical Romance…with a bit of mystery/suspense thrown in there too. I wish I could streamline it (imagine me presenting that “genre” to an agent or publisher;D) but there is not really any way I could describe the book. Do you think I could keep it?

  45. Kristin Laughtin on April 4, 2012 at 5:51 PM

    It’s always been really easy to identify my writing as science fiction and fantasy, since both of those genres have very obvious conventions. I’m glad!

  46. Christie on April 4, 2012 at 2:48 PM

    The current novel (oh dear goodness, yes, there are several) is YA historical. Even though it’s based on a fairy tale, there’s not really any fantastic elements to it, so I hesitate to call it fantasy. Definitely Christian undertones (how can I separate my faith from what I write?) but not explicitly Christian.

  47. Zan Marie on April 4, 2012 at 2:17 PM

    I’ve been chewing over the genre of my main WIP for awhile. I kept coming back to Women’s Fiction, but couldn’t find a good definition or even two definitions that agreed. The link to Agent Query was good, Rachelle. That defintion was clear, concise, and exactly what I’m working on. Thanks.

  48. P. J. Casselman on April 4, 2012 at 1:38 PM

    My first novel is still a difficult one to classify and to query. While the writing isn’t complex, the story line is. It begins with a prologue that says the power of the Nephalites comes from aliens, which seems like sci-fi. Yet the family saga takes place in the historical time preceding King Arthur, which would be historical fiction. However, the Nephalites find out they are actually angels or Nephalim(Reversing chariots of the Gods) and that seems more like inspirational fantasy. So what is it? Historical Fantasy? Historical Sci-Fi? Sci-Fi Fantasy? I am confused as to the genre. It would probably appeal to those who like C.S. Lewis’ “Space Trilogy.”
    I realize Rachelle can’t answer all these, so any help from other writers would be appreciated!!

    • Christine Dorman on April 4, 2012 at 1:56 PM

      Wow, PJ! I’m intrigued. I hope you get your novel published soon so that I can read it.

      • P. J. Casselman on April 4, 2012 at 7:30 PM

        Thank you, Christine!

        P.S. On my journey through Shadowshield Mountain, I would want to encounter a magical spring which gives a momentary speed increase, but I wouldn’t want to encounter its guardian gnomes who attack like piranha! 🙂

        • Christine Dorman on April 4, 2012 at 8:09 PM

          You’re welcome, P.J.

          Thank you for the feedback on Soul Searcher and for checking out my blog! Guardian gnomes who attack like piranha–oh, boy! I didn’t know they were there and will look out for them. I definitely want to stay away from them!

          Thanks so much for the feedback and the laugh!

    • Zan Marie on April 4, 2012 at 2:20 PM

      I’d guess it would be shelved with fantasy. The different look at a historical era reminds me of the alternative histories that fit on a bridge between SF and fantasy based on how much science is involved in the changes. Don’t know if that helps you or not, P.J.

      • P. J. Casselman on April 4, 2012 at 7:39 PM

        It all helps, Zan Marie! Thank you for taking the time to respond!

    • Kristin Laughtin on April 4, 2012 at 5:52 PM

      My guess would be fantasy, or perhaps science fantasy, but you’re lucky in that SF and fantasy are often shelved together, so a precise definition is not as crucial.

      • P. J. Casselman on April 4, 2012 at 7:38 PM

        Thanks, Kristin!

        I loved what you put in yesterday’s blog about the jerk in your new book. You said you didn’t “know how complex (you’d) make him since (you) were going to kill him anyway. Some people are just grumpy!” That was priceless!

        • Kristin Laughtin on April 4, 2012 at 9:00 PM

          Haha, I’m glad it struck you. I do have some idea of his backstory and why he’d be the way he is and all that, but I’m doubting its importance to the main story. Since he’s gone so quickly, I’m not sure yet how much of that will end up on the cutting room floor!

          I love the angel/alien thing in your description and love C.S. Lewis. When your book is published, I will definitely want to read it!

    • Kristin Laughtin on April 4, 2012 at 5:52 PM

      P.S. It sounds really interesting!

  49. Staci Eastin on April 4, 2012 at 12:42 PM

    Women’s fiction. I would like to think upmarket, but I don’t know if others would agree. 🙂

    The harder part is determining whether to shoot for the Christian fiction or secular fiction market. What I write would never have passed muster with Christian fiction publishers 15 years ago, but the requirements are relaxing.

    • Zan Marie on April 4, 2012 at 2:22 PM

      Staci, I’ve got the same problem on the Christian vs. secular markets with my women’s fiction!

  50. Daniel on April 4, 2012 at 12:35 PM

    I’m writing in the “erotic hypnosis” genre. Which is to say that I wrote my first novel specifically for people who enjoy reading about the erotic use of hypnosis. But how how am I going to sell that idea to a publisher or the general public?

  51. Colin Smith on April 4, 2012 at 12:32 PM

    I think some writers recoil at the idea of choosing a genre for their book. After all, that sounds like pigeon-holing, and my novel is unique! How am I going to sell my one-of-a-kind story if it’s “just another contemporary YA, or paranormal novel”? But you’re right, Rachelle. We need to step away from our artistic sensibilities and look at this as a business call. If we want people to read our books, we need to make sure they get into the hands of the people most likely to read them (duh!). And the first thing people are going to look at is the genre (or “is this the kind of book I like to read?”). So it serves us well to define that as best we can.

    My current WIP is about a teenage alien that ends up in Victorian London. Is it YA Sci-Fi, or YA Historical? I’ve decided that since the majority of the story involves my MC navigating her way around Victorian London, it is more Historical than Sci-Fi, so I intend to classify it as YA Historical.

    Thanks for another great article, Rachelle. 🙂

  52. Rebekkah N. on April 4, 2012 at 12:13 PM

    On the importance of genre:

    “Ack, it’s salty! Bleh, worst cookie I’ve ever tasted.”
    “It’s a cheese straw.”
    “Oh.” (second bite) “Hey, that’s really good! Pass me another.”
    (brought to you by surprises on the potluck table)

    I’m classifying my current manuscript as urban fantasy. I think that’s the audience that will find it most appealing. But I have considered calling it just fantasy, and my incomplete manuscript I’m wobbling between urban fantasy, fantasy, science fiction, and science fantasy. But I think I’ll finish it first before choosing a genre!

  53. Jennifer Major on April 4, 2012 at 11:46 AM

    Why did this post make me think of “Cowboys vs Aliens”? WHAT was that?

  54. Jennifer Major on April 4, 2012 at 11:45 AM

    Historical fiction/romance with a dash of Scott O’Dell in there for good measure.

  55. Joan Cimyotte on April 4, 2012 at 11:41 AM

    You said to keep it simple. Only use two to three words for your genre. My story has a lot of the categories like; Modern Western, romantic comedy, mystery, paranormal/science fiction, action adventure with Christian overtones. How about contemporary fiction? Your blog is most helpful in my case. Thank you.

  56. David Todd on April 4, 2012 at 11:32 AM

    My first novel was Historical Fiction, New Testament era. Or maybe that genre is called Biblical Fiction, without regard to Old or New testaments.

    I’m having trouble deciding what the genre of my second novel is. I’ve been calling it a Sports Thriller (baseball), but I really don’t have thriller elements in it. By that I mean I don’t have constant action, going from car chase to gun action to things exploding to sequential scenes of physical danger. Perhaps it’s a Contemporary Suspense, since much of the book is forboding physical harm to the protag. Is there a Sports Suspense genre?

  57. Kelly Hitchcock on April 4, 2012 at 11:22 AM

    Thanks for this topic! I write literary/women’s contemporary fiction, but most people have no idea what any of these means…

    “Oh, women’s fiction… like romance?” “No.”
    “Literary fiction? What’s that?”
    “Contemporary fiction… that’s vague.”

  58. Lori on April 4, 2012 at 11:13 AM

    I would say I am working on a thriller/suspense but I am not sure what is the difference between a novel that is a thriller and a novel that is a suspense. It will have a lot of cultural and religious overtones but I would not say it is a religious thriller/suspense.

    • Josh C. on April 4, 2012 at 11:43 AM

      I’m no expert, but from my understanding, a thriller has tons of action in it, whereas a suspense novel has loads of danger, but not necessarily action. It’s the threat that drives a suspense novel. Hope that helps somewhat.

  59. Jana Hutcheson on April 4, 2012 at 11:10 AM

    Speculative Christian YA Romance??? 🙂

    • Amy on April 4, 2012 at 7:36 PM

      Jana, I had to smile when I read your post. I’m kind of in the same boat.

      So far I’ve been calling my WIP YA Supernatural because it involves a teenaged angel fighting off demon shadows.

      However, I don’t want an agent to think it’s like the many secular books out there that involve fallen angels, so I’m considering calling it “YA Christian Supernatural.”

      My WIP is a little like Heather Burch’s Halflings, which has been labeled everything thing from Urban Fantasy to Supernatural to Paranormal to Romance. Guess that comparison doesn’t help me much! 🙂

      Better figure it out soon–I’m starting the query process in a couple weeks!

  60. marion on April 4, 2012 at 10:35 AM

    I thought I was writing historical fiction. But it’s mainstream, though with a historical setting.
    Why? Hard to define. Less driven by a plot full of romance and/or intrigue. More driven by characters and angst!

  61. Sarah Thomas on April 4, 2012 at 10:34 AM

    I’ve settled in women’s fiction, though book two is set in the 50s, so does that automatically make it historical fiction?

    Another question–I thought inspirational was a euphimism for Christian, but you have both in your list. What’s the difference?

  62. Josh C. on April 4, 2012 at 10:25 AM

    I dabble in a few things, but none of it is difficult to place in a genre. I write short stories in both crime and horror, and my novels are mystery and suspense. I typically write the kinds of things I enjoy reading, authors like James Lee Burke, William Kent Krueger, Cormac McCarthy, Dennis Lehane, Dean Koontz, T. Jefferson Parker, etc, only not as well as they do, of course.

  63. Lindsay Harrel on April 4, 2012 at 10:13 AM

    I would classify my writing as inspirational women’s fiction with romantic elements. 🙂

    Of course, there’s a bit of suspense thrown in for good measure, but mostly, it’s about the inner journeys of the main characters, who are women.

  64. Jeanne T on April 4, 2012 at 10:04 AM

    Thanks for outlining how to determine the genre, Rachelle. So helpful!

    It’s fun to read all the different genres represented here. 🙂 When I began writing my story, I wasn’t sure what it was. Now, I’m comfortable calling it women’s fiction.

  65. Stephanie M. on April 4, 2012 at 9:55 AM

    I have a new one I’m calling a “cozy thriller” which I’m pretty sure I just made up.

    • Christine Dorman on April 4, 2012 at 1:51 PM

      I love this term! While I usually don’t read thrillers, I might consider reading “a cozy thriller.”

    • JulieS on April 4, 2012 at 11:59 PM

      The term “cozy thriller ” is mentioned by Hallie Ephron in her book “Writing and Selling Your Mystery Novel”. Two examples she uses are Agatha Christie’s Miss Maple and Jessica Fletcher (from TV’s Murder She Wrote).

      • JulieS on April 5, 2012 at 12:00 AM

        hmm…that should be Miss Marple instead of Miss Maple.

  66. Wendy Paine Miller on April 4, 2012 at 9:34 AM

    I danced between women’s fiction, literary, and family saga when I first began. But that was back when I was counting words on the pages of some of my favorite books and multiplying to figure out how long my novels needed to be.

    At home with women’s fiction.
    ~ Wendy

  67. Connie Myres on April 4, 2012 at 9:30 AM

    My novella is a science fiction thriller. My dilemma is finding what the appropriate abbreviation for science fiction is. SciFi, Sci-Fi, Sci-fi, or SF.

    I frequently use sci-fi/thriller. Does it matter?

  68. CG Blake on April 4, 2012 at 9:27 AM

    This is a helpful post. Thanks for sharing your insights.

    I write family sagas, but my WIP is a political satire similar in tone to the novels of Carl Hiaasen. I’m seriously considering using a pseudonym.

  69. AM Swan on April 4, 2012 at 9:26 AM

    I agree with Malin Larsson. I write – what I call – supernatural women’s fiction. But, I guess it is paranormal – but to me that = women in skimpy tanktops with glowing eyes fighting zombies. I write ghost and magic stories – but with a literary bent and women’s themes. Think Practical Magic. There are mysteries involved. So – Women’s Paranormal Mysteries? Just fiction? The genres make it sound too genre-ish, but it is not literary women’s fiction either. I have no idea really. And what does this kind of cross genre mean in terms of publishability?

    • CG Blake on April 4, 2012 at 9:30 AM

      From your description of your work it sounds like it fits into paranormal fiction. Have you ever read Alice Hoffman? Your work seems similar to hers. She may be a good reference point for you. Good luck.

  70. Stephen H. King on April 4, 2012 at 8:54 AM

    As a “man’s man”–former Infantryman, got a sabre hanging over my front door, drink cheap beer even when I can afford the more expensive stuff, etc.–I don’t read romance. I mean, I read a couple of them once, on a long road trip back when cars only had two possible radio channels, AM and FM, and portable personal electronics (like the Walkman) were still too expensive for a boy child of two poor parents, but I promise I didn’t enjoy them. Scout’s word, and all.

    Imagine my surprise, then, when the small publisher with whom I first worked put my rollicking Mythic Fantasy novel up under “Mythic Romance.” No, no, no–God of War, Goddess of Love, duking it out over a human woman–yes, there are more romantic and lovemaking scenes than battle scenes, but–I have dragons, and romance books don’t have dragons. Yeah, that’s it. *sigh*

    Sometimes, anyway, it’s tough to pin down which genre a book belongs in the most. That one and its sequel are now “shelved” in Amazon under general fantasy, since Amazon doesn’t have a mythic fantasy shelf, but I was just interviewed by the owner of a romance reading site who seemed to think it fitting. Also, by using the “secret” that Rachelle gives in the post, I have to say that the readers I already have are pretty evenly split between fantasy and romance.

    I guess, legitimately, it’s both.

    My new series is much easier. No romance at all, at least not till Book 3 or so. It’s all 18-year-old Mississippi girl attitude. And elves. So, YA fantasy, clearly. YA YA Fantasy, even (“Yet Another YA Fantasy”).

  71. Brent Stratford on April 4, 2012 at 8:04 AM

    My WIP is fantasy. The hard part is determining if it is YA or MG. It seems that everyone has a different definition and I have found the not so sweet spot in the middle. I’d love to hear how you draw the line between YA and MG.

    • Christine Dorman on April 4, 2012 at 1:48 PM

      Great question, Brent. I’ve seen different age ranges as well.

  72. jeffo on April 4, 2012 at 6:51 AM

    It’s taken me a while to pin it down, but mine is one of those Literary/Commercial crossovers. Or is that ‘Upmarket’….

  73. Christine Dorman on April 4, 2012 at 5:36 AM

    I have two WIPs, one that I’m actively working on, and one that I’ve taken a break from. The current one is easy to categorize. It is a YA fantasy. The other, my baby that I have worked on for years and is in its sixth revision, is harder to classify. It’s an adult novel about two friends, one of whom has DID. There is much more involved in it as well. The best I can do is to call it a psychological drama.

    • Jeanne T on April 4, 2012 at 9:59 AM

      That sounds interesting. Do you mind me asking what DID is?

      • Josh C. on April 4, 2012 at 11:37 AM

        Dissociative Identity Disorder…aka Multiple Personality Disorder.

      • Christine Dorman on April 4, 2012 at 1:47 PM

        Thank you for asking, Jeanne, and thank you for the compliment. As Josh said, DID stands for Dissociative Identity Disorder. Although, it is commonly called Multiple Identity Disorder, this term is inaccurate, so I try not to use it.

        As I said, this novel is my baby. I’ve done extensive research of the illness as well as of other elements in the book (e.g. the music industry). After I wrote my fourth draft, a mystery writer told me that my flashback structure was passe. I spent some time trying to think of how else to structure the story. Finally I decide to imitate the DID character’s experiences of “lost time” and having to orient himself quickly to his new surroundings and circumstances whenever he wakes up. This seems to be working, but it is like laying stones in a complex mosaic. So before working on the sixth (and hopefully final) draft, I’m taking a breather and writing a YA novel. It’s fun to get away from the intensity of the psychological drama and play for a while in the magical world of my teenage daughter of a banshee.

        • marion on April 4, 2012 at 4:29 PM

          I’m glad you took lemons–your friend’s comment that flashback structure is passe–and made lemonade. Your new structural framework sounds fascinating, though giving you lots of headaches.

          I find dictatorial comments like your friend’s annoying. Any gimmick goes out of style very quickly. But a device that’s integral to the story is never passe, IMHO. Just do whatever works, I say!

          Do you have some dreams as well? Seems like it would integrate with the waking-up confusion. Or are dreams passe too?!

          • Christine Dorman on April 4, 2012 at 5:20 PM

            Thank you, Marion, for such affirming feedback! It was frustrating when she first told me that the structure was passe, but it also challenged me to be creative. Ultimately, I think the novel has benefited from it.

            I do have dreams! Whether or not that’s a passe device, I don’t know or care. As you said, I need to do what works, and the dreams are vital to the story (IMHO). David was abused as a child and repressed the memories of the abuse. He has a lot going on in the subconscious, so he has dreams, sleepwalking and insomnia. It’s kind of fun to play a bit with the readers–the narrative doesn’t make it obvious immediately whether David is in a new situation or just dreaming. So the reader has to orient too. Of course, I have to walk a very fine line between having the reader share David’s disorientation and frustrating the reader.

        • Jeanne T on April 4, 2012 at 5:08 PM

          Thanks for the explanation. Your story and the way you plan to structure it sounds intriguing. 🙂 Enjoy your YA “escape.” 😉

          • Christine Dorman on April 4, 2012 at 5:23 PM

            You’re welcome! Thank you for asking (although I probably gave you too much information as an answer–sorry).

            Thank you for the encouraging feedback.

            Good luck with your women’s fiction novel.

  74. Kara on April 4, 2012 at 5:13 AM

    Women’s Fiction / Contemporary Romance. I use the / because sometimes the girl doesn’t end up with the guy and I’ve been told that part is kind of important in a romance 😉

  75. JulieS on April 4, 2012 at 3:55 AM

    I’m writing a mystery novel set in 1950 – not long after World War 2, the start of the Korean War and the red scare. All of these historical events affected everyday people. I find that a little interesting and it opens up a lot of possible plots for a mystery novel.

    I would like make it a series and so I might have continuing subplots. One subplot is that the main character is not a christian but he is surrounded by people of faith. So part of the “mystery” is why doesn’t he want to commit.

  76. Kate Larkindale on April 4, 2012 at 3:53 AM

    Mine’s easy. I write contemporary YA, at least, primarily. I have written a historical romance too, but the less said about that, the better…

  77. Malin Larsson on April 4, 2012 at 3:42 AM

    I’m having trouble because I write paranormal and UF, but people around me have told me I have a literary style. I don’t know if those are genres that mesh well, and I have a nagging doubt that there will be no interest in it. I’ve tried to remove the fantastic element of my stories or write them more commercial (my idea of it) but have never managed to make the stories flow that way.

    • marion on April 4, 2012 at 10:31 AM

      My gut tells me you should write in the style you feel comfortable with. Otherwise, it might come out sounding empty and contrived. You don’t have to pigeonhole it at the beginning, do you?
      That’s what’s scary about writing. You don’t know where you’re going to end up!

    • Elissa on April 4, 2012 at 1:33 PM

      There seems to be a misconception that paranormal and UF can’t be literary. Genre writing does not equal trash writing. As Marion says, don’t change your style to suit someone else’s idea of what’s “right”.

    • Kristin Laughtin on April 4, 2012 at 5:50 PM

      There is tons of literary fantasy. You can absolutely write genre fiction that is literary.

      • Malin Larsson on April 5, 2012 at 5:37 AM

        I’ve never actually found literary UF/paranormal – maybe I’ve missed it? You have any suggestions for me? My mt tbr is dwindling.

        My only “similar style” is Joanne Harris even though I’m far from her expertise and that I have more magic.

        • Kristin Laughtin on April 5, 2012 at 12:42 PM

          I’ve never been really into UF/paranormal, but there’s plenty of literary content in every other area of fantasy, so I don’t think it would be impossible for you to combine the two. In my mind, “literary” fiction is less a specific genre (though it is marketed this way) and more an approach, voice, style, and focus on the inner lives of the characters more than the external events. I can understand your fears about there not being a market for it–I have the same fears for some of my books, for different reasons–but as you said, it didn’t work well when you tried to remove the fantasy elements, and I imagine you don’t want to change your voice to be more commercial. I’m not a pro so you can take this with a grain of salt, but I think you should just continue writing what you write and see how it works out. Many books straddle the line between commercial and literary fiction both within and outside the fantasy genres, and yours might be able to do the same.

    • Jessica Peter on April 5, 2012 at 3:10 PM

      I’d say Charles De Lint, who pioneered urban fantasy, writes in a literary style. And he’s still definitely in the fantasy realm.

      Then again, there’s also magical realism in the literary genre that could fit. . .